Read The Great Canadian Oil Patch; Second edition. The petroleum era from birth to peak by Earle Gray Free Online
Book Title: The Great Canadian Oil Patch; Second edition. The petroleum era from birth to peak|
The author of the book: Earle Gray
Edition: JuneWarren Publishing
Date of issue: March 2005
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 423 KB
City - Country: No data
Loaded: 2822 times
Reader ratings: 7.6
Read full description of the books:
This history starts with the launch of the world’s first integrated petroleum industry, from production of crude oil to refining and product marketing, in operations based predominantly on Canadian technology.
From the 1850s, with the Canadian-led eastern U.S. coal oil refineries and North America’s first commercial oil field in Ontario, to twenty-first century production from the Alberta oil sands, the world’s third largest oil supply storehouse, to a perception of the coming end of the age of oil, this is a story of wildcat gamblers, geologists, corporate managers, politicians and public policies, of failures and success, fortunes made and fortunes lost.
A few highlights:
•The saga of Nova Scotia physician, geologist and inventor Abraham Gesner, whose technology to produce kerosene, initially from coal and bitumen, fueled the lamps of the world for half a century, and laid the foundation for the petroleum industry.
•Carriage maker James Miller Williams who made North America’s first commercial crude oil discovery in Ontario more than a year before the discovery of crude oil at Titusville, Pennsylvania, gave birth to the U.S. petroleum industry.
•The saga of the Turner Valley oil field, 20 miles southwest of Calgary, whose treasure of oil and gas was discovered in three stages over a 22-year period, where production practices resulted in a loss of $50 billion worth of oil and natural gas. From enormous flows of natural gas, oil companies stripped out condensate, a liquid so volatile it was used, with no refining, as gasoline to fuel farm cars and trucks. The residue gas was burned in giant flares that could be seen from porches in Calgary, wasting not only the gas but depleting pressure in the underground reservoir that left millions of barrels of oil unrecoverable.
•The most tumultuous political debate to rock the Parliament of Canada since the Canadian Pacific Railway scandal brought down the Conservative government of John A. Macdonald 83 years earlier, ending a 22-year Liberal rule, over government financial help to build a natural gas pipeline from Alberta to Montreal, blasted through the solid rock of Ontario’s Precambrian shield. It was the world’s longest pipeline, but only one link in the ribbons of steel that span from coast to coast to the sub-arctic stretching more miles and moving more oil and gas than all the freight of the railroads.
•The doom of Dome Petroleum, the spectacular empire built by geologist “Smiling” Jack Gallagher whose vision of Arctic oil wealth to rival the Middle East was pursued in a billion dollar quest that embraced Canada’s largest corporate air and marine fleets, with ice breakers and Arctic drill ships. Dome’s Arctic quest collapsed, but that was not what caused Canada’s biggest corporate failure, costing shareholders billions of dollars, and taxpayers an even greater amount.
•The NOP and the NEP. In the 1960s, the National Oil Policy embargoed imports of crude oil and refined petroleum products in Canada west of the Ottawa Valley, to protect floundering Alberta oil producers from Persian Gulf oil that cost so little it could have been delivered to Edmonton refineries for less than the prices of oil from wells barely 20 miles away. The embargo cost Ontario consumers $500 million in subsidy payments—billions in 2013 money. The National Energy Program followed in the 1970s when the OPEC cartel sent oil prices soaring. The struggle over sharing a financial bonanza, and control over petroleum resources, threatened to tear the fabric of Confederation.
“Earle Gray has converted an encyclopedic knowledge of Canada’s oil and gas business, an eye for engaging detail, and renowned gifts as a storyteller into a book on an industry that has transformed Canada’s twentieth century more than any other,” wrote historian Desmond Morton, O.C., Founding Director of the McGill Institute for the Study of Canada.
Download The Great Canadian Oil Patch; Second edition. The petroleum era from birth to peak ERUB
Download The Great Canadian Oil Patch; Second edition. The petroleum era from birth to peak DOC
Download The Great Canadian Oil Patch; Second edition. The petroleum era from birth to peak TXT
Read information about the authorI began writing during my high school years in a village on the west coast of British Columbia, for the local weekly newspaper and as a stringer for the Vancouver Sun. After high school I followed a common enough path at a time when newspaper reporters liked to think that five years on the job provided a better education than university and a bachelor’s degree, and a journalist was said to be a reporter without a job. I worked as a reporter on a weekly newspaper in West Vancouver, on the Vancouver Sun, and the Albertan, one of two daily newspapers in Calgary, Alberta. These were the early years of the Canadian oil boom. For a time I spent my days writing about oil for the Albertan, and my evenings as a sports writer. Then I joined an oil industry publication as writer and sub-editor.
I changed my career from writer to publisher, launching a small-town weekly newspaper in Invermere, in central British Columbia. It took a year to go broke, in a manner once described in a Hemmingway novel: first slowly, then all of a sudden.
Returning to Calgary, I was editor of Oilweek magazine, one of Canada’s premier trade publications, from 1956 to 1971. This was when I wrote my first two published books, one a layman’s guide on how the petroleum industry functions, and its economic impact; the other, a history of the Canadian petroleum industry.
From mid-1971 to the Fall of 1977 I was stationed in Toronto as director of Public Affairs for Canadian Arctic Gas, a consortium of major U.S and Canadian firms that spent about $200 million on engineering and environmental studies, and regulatory hearings in both countries, for a proposed multi-billion dollar pipeline to transport natural gas from Prudhoe Bay on the North Slope of Alaska and the Mackenzie River Delta in Canada, to cities across both countries. A competitive proposal won government approvals, but the pipeline has never been built; this despite the assurances of a U.S. President and a Canadian Prime Minister that it would be. It was, at the time, thought urgently needed. Prudhoe Bay is the largest oil field ever found in North America, but also one of the largest natural gas fields. Most of the Prudhoe Bay oil has now been produced, but all the natural gas is still there, frozen in the Arctic, as it were.
Since 1977 I have worked independently as an editorial consultant, speechwriter, publisher (two small periodicals), and author of eight more non-fiction books. My awards include a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Petroleum History Society (Canada) and the Samuel T. Pees Keeper of the Flame Award from the Petroleum History Institute (U.S.), one of just two Canadians to receive the latter award.
I am just starting work on my most ambitious, and possibly my last book. The working title is Fossil Fire: The impact of prehistoric fuels in the era of global warming, a history of coal, oil, and natural gas from the start of the Industrial Revolution. It will focus on the social, environmental, and economic impacts, good and bad. Fossil fuels have done more than any other resource in the last 300 years to advance human welfare, but now pose the greatest threat to human life in the form of global warming.
On a personal note, my interests include hiking, cooking, photography, and, of course, reading. I am also a bit of an exercise fanatic and a healthy eating zealot, both stemming from a cardiac arrest that almost took my life at age 58. Joan, my wife, drove me to the hospital as I felt, for the first and only time, the searing pain of angina. A cardiologist suggested I stay overnight for “observation.” During the night I was hit by two major cardiac arrests, and would not have survived but for defibrillation within a very few minutes.
After that, I determined to exercise more consistently, building up slowly, and follow a rigidly healthy diet. At age 78, I was one of thousands to climb the 1,776 steps to the top of one the world’s tallest building, Toronto’s CN Tower, in an an